Advice and information for tenants
From February 2021, tenants can ask to make minor changes to a rental property. This change was introduced so tenants can feel more at home in the property they are renting. Landlords can, however, set reasonable conditions.
What meets the definition of a minor change?
A minor change is defined as any fixture, renovation, alteration, or addition to the property that:
• has a low risk of damage to the property • can be easily reversed (property can be returned to substantially the same condition)
• doesn’t pose a risk to health and safety
• doesn’t compromise the structural integrity, weathertightness or character of the property
• doesn’t affect anyone’s enjoyment or use of the property
• doesn’t require regulatory consent
• doesn’t breach any regulatory rules.
What are examples of minor changes?
Depending on the circumstances, examples of minor changes could include: From February 2021, tenants can ask to make minor changes to a rental property. This change was introduced so tenants can feel more at home in the property they are renting. Landlords can, however, set reasonable conditions.
• securing furniture or appliances to protect against earthquake risk or to make a property child safe
• installing dishwashers and washing machines
• installing a baby gate
• affixing child safe latches to cupboards
• installing shelving
• installing television aerials
• installing gardens when these can be returned to the original state at the conclusion of the tenancy
• installing curtains and window coverings
• installing internal locks provided they are compliant with relevant fire safety laws; and
• installing picture hooks.
What is the process?
A tenant must make a request for a minor change in writing and the landlord must respond to this request within 21 days. If the change is considered by the landlord to be more than minor, a landlord can decline if the request does not meet the definition of a minor change. Harcourts property managers can provide you with a form for requesting a minor change on request.
Do tenants need to remove any changes installed during the tenancy?
Yes, tenants must return the premises to substantially the same condition as before the changes were made, including removing the changes, unless the tenant and landlord agree otherwise. Landlords can seek remedy at the Tenancy Tribunal if the tenant does not reverse the change.
As well as the cost of remediation, the tenant may be liable for an additional penalty if they fail to reverse a minor change that the landlord didn’t agree to keep.
What about a tiny house or caravan?
If you are considering having a moveable structure such as a cabin or caravan at the property, you must first seek consent to do so. It may not be as straight forward as it first appears, safety and compliance must be considered. In addition, when the structure is removed, it could be difficult and costly to return the premises to substantially the same as before, particularly if the structure is situated on a grassed area. Talk through any plans with your property manager first as this may not fit the definition of ‘minor change’.
If you want to make a minor change to the property you are renting, ensure that you follow the correct process and contact your Harcourts property manager in the first instance. It is always best to reach an agreement before any work commences so that no one is in breach of their obligations and everyone understands what the expectation is, at the end of the tenancy. leave the fan running until the moisture clears.
Tackling dampness and ventilation creates a dry, healthy home that holds in the heat, reduces emissions and keeps money in your pocket. During a tenancy, tenants need to keep the house well-aired and remove any mould straight away
Easy Ways to Ventilate and Reduce Damp
• Air your home regularly. Open doors and windows for 10-15 minutes each morning. Airing out a room when you turn off the heater also helps to avoid condensation. Keep the curtains open during the day.
• Use energy efficient, low emissions heaters. Heat every room being used by someone to at least 18°C. Don’t use unflued or portable gas heaters.
• Dry washing outside. Use a washing line or rack under a covered verandah, garage or carport. Use a clothes dryer only to finish them off, or if it’s raining.
• Use extractor fans and rangehoods when fitted. Make sure they’re regularly cleaned for maximum extraction.
• Turn on the bathroom fan before a shower or bath. Shut the door and open the window. Afterwards, leave the fan running until the moisture clears.
• Use lids on pots when you cook. This helps to stop the steam escaping.
• Move furniture away from walls in winter. A 10cm gap will discourage mould (especially on external walls).
• Leave wardrobes slightly open. A little air circulation discourages mould growing on fabric.
• Use a dehumidifier on damp days. This will help to reduce condensation, but it won’t solve a dampness problem. It’s better to tackle the sources of damp and heat as detailed above, and ventilate your home daily.
Heat Pumps – how to run your heat pump efficiently
• Use the timer to warm the room just before you get home and switch off when you don’t need it.
• Set the thermostat to above 18ºC (to combat damp and mould) but below 21ºC (to save power).
• Set it to ‘heating’ mode – ‘auto’ can make the heat pump waste energy by constantly changing between hot and cold.
• When it’s really cold, set the fan to ‘auto’. ‘Low’ and ‘quiet’ won’t give you full blast.
• Heat pumps sometimes blow cold air during very cold weather, to defrost the outdoor unit. This is normal, and it should be back to heating in a few minutes.
• Clean the filter with a vacuum cleaner or warm water every couple of weeks. It’s easy and makes all the difference.
Other things to do to prevent mould and damp:
• Wipe condensation off walls and windows daily.
• Keep the shower curtain hanging inside the shower or bath so water doesn’t drip on the floor, and wash the curtain every few weeks.
• Keep only a few plants inside.
• If you have a mattress on the floor, air the mattress every day by removing the covers and lifting the mattress onto its side. Consider getting a bed base that allows air to circulate.
If you’re doing all the right things, and the house is still damp and mouldy, talk to your property manager.
Fix your credit score in 5 simple steps
How credit scores work
In New Zealand, there are four credit reporting bureaus that track both positive and negative credit history. Any time you apply for credit – a personal loan, car loan or credit card, even your electricity or home phone account – that information is stored in your credit report. Missed or late repayments lower your credit score, whereas paying on time and in full improves your credit score.
Step 1: Know your credit score
The logical first step is knowing what your credit score is so you have a clear idea of what’s helping improve it and what’s hurting it. It’s a good idea to check your credit score at least once a year and before you apply for any major credit. You can request a free copy of your credit report at any time by visiting one of the following websites:
Step 2: Report any errors
For any errors you find on your credit report – such as a default you didn’t incur or a credit purchase you didn’t make – contact the credit reporting bureau or the lender that reported it. They will then investigate the error, come back to you with an outcome, and remove the negative incident if it’s found to be an error.
Step 3: Get back on track
Your credit report helps lenders decide whether or not to lend to you again. It provides a big picture look at your spending and repayment habits, and helps them predict how you will likely manage repayments in the future. Your credit score can also influence what interest rate you’re offered, and that could mean you miss out on the most attractive interest rates if your credit score isn’t what it should be. So, if you have missed repayments or made late repayments in the past, it’s essential you get back on track again, right way. Schedule your repayments on time, pay more than the minimum balance if you can, and consider a debt consolidation loan if you need help consolidating all of your debt into one manageable loan repayment.
Step 4: Pay on time and in full
Once you’ve cleared up any errors and taken further steps to get back on track again and minimize any more damage to your credit score, you can start building your credit score back up again. The best way to do that, is to pay your bills on time and to clear your debt in full. Set up direct debits and automatic payments to ensure you don’t miss a repayment by mistake.
Step 5: Apply for credit
Another way to help build your credit history -and prove to lenders that you are responsible and able to manage your repayments – is to only apply for credit you need and consistently manage a healthy level of debt. That means avoiding debt that could lower your score – like quick cash loans, pay day loans or high interest credit cards – and applying for credit that actually boosts your credit score – such as home loans, personal loans or car loans.
There’s no better time than right now to start fixing your credit score. For more information about credit scores and how they impact your ability to borrow, take a look at the Consumer Protection website. Contact a Mortgage Express branded mortgage adviser if you need help accessing home loan finance, but you’re concerned about your level of debt and credit score. Our team of advisers can work with you to help you plan your financial future.
Changes to the Healthy Homes Standards Finalised
The Government has amended some of the Healthy Homes Standards for rental properties through the Residential Tenancies (Healthy Homes Standards) Amendment Regulations 2022.
Amendments include changes to the heating requirements to reflect the higher thermal performance of new homes built to the 2008 building code requirements for insulation and glazing and certain apartments, as well as other minor changes to the ventilation and moisture ingress and drainage standards.
Changes to the Heating Standard
The changes to the heating standard will generally allow smaller heaters to be installed in homes built to the 2008 building code requirements for insulation and glazing and apartments. Landlords of new homes built to the 2008 building code requirements for insulation and glazing and certain apartments now have until 12 February 2023 to comply with the heating standard.
The original heating formula remains suitable for most of the rental properties in New Zealand. Buildings which are not apartments and are not built to the 2008 building code requirements for insulation and glazing still need to comply with the original Healthy Homes Standards heating requirements.
Heaters installed prior to 1 July 2019
The Government is allowing electrical heaters to boost the heating capacity to what is required when qualifying heaters installed prior to 1 July 2019 are short of capacity by 2.4kW or less, rather than 1.5kW or less. The trigger point to top up or replace existing heating installed before 1 July 2019 has been revised to existing heaters that are at 80% of the required heating capacity, instead of 90%. Over time, as heaters need to be replaced due to wear and tear, they will need to meet the full requirement of the heating standard.
Clarification to the heating standard if the landlord is not the owner of the whole tenancy building
A minor change to the heating standard has been made to clarify situations where the landlord is not the owner of the whole building and cannot meet the heating standard. If the required heating capacity is over 2.4 Kw, a landlord must install at least one qualifying heater that has a heating capacity of at least 2 Kw. A fixed electric heater with a thermostat is an acceptable heater for this situation.
Changes to the Ventilation Standard
Amendments now support the use of continuous mechanical ventilation which extracts moisture to the outdoors from kitchens and bathrooms.
Clarification to the Moisture Ingress and Drainage Standard
Landlords are not required to install alternative moisture barriers where installation of a polythene barrier isn’t reasonably practical.
Key Healthy Homes Compliance Dates
• Rental properties must comply with the healthy homes standards within 90 days of any new or renewed tenancy.
• All boarding houses must already comply with the healthy homes standards.
• From 1 July 2024 – All rental homes must comply with the healthy homes standards.
If you are concerned about your rental property not meeting the healthy homes standards, reach out to your Harcourts Property Manager who can advise you of the compliance date for your property, and if anything can be done in the interim to make the property drier and healthier.